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Architecture Edit Visual Studio does not support any programming language, solution or tool intrinsically; instead, it allows the plugging of functionality coded as a VSPackage. When installed, the functionality is available as a Service.
The IDE provides three services: In addition, the IDE is also responsible for coordinating and enabling communication between services. A language service defines various interfaces which the VSPackage implementation can implement to add support for various functionalities. Language services are implemented on a per-language basis.
The implementations can reuse code from the parser or the compiler for the language. Visual Studio. The instances use different registry hives see MSDN 's definition of the term "registry hive" in the sense used here to store their configuration state and are differentiated by their AppId Application ID.
The instances are launched by an AppId-specific. The various product editions of Visual Studio are created using the different AppIds. Consequently, one can install the Express editions side-by-side with other editions, unlike the other editions which update the same installation. The professional edition includes a superset of the VSPackages in the standard edition, and the team suite includes a superset of the VSPackages in both other editions.
In Visual Studio onwards, it can be made temporarily semi-transparent to see the code obstructed by it. The Visual Studio code editor also supports setting bookmarks in code for quick navigation. Other navigational aids include collapsing code blocks and incremental search , in addition to normal text search and regex search. A management tool for code snippets is built in as well. These tools are surfaced as floating windows which can be set to automatically hide when unused or docked to the side of the screen.
The Visual Studio code editor also supports code refactoring including parameter reordering, variable and method renaming, interface extraction, and encapsulation of class members inside properties, among others.
Visual Studio features background compilation also called incremental compilation. Warnings are marked with a green underline. Background compilation does not generate executable code, since it requires a different compiler than the one used to generate executable code. Microsoft Visual Studio Debugger Visual Studio includes a debugger that works both as a source-level debugger and as a machine-level debugger. It works with both managed code as well as native code and can be used for debugging applications written in any language supported by Visual Studio.
In addition, it can also attach to running processes, monitor, and debug those processes. If source code is not available, it can show the disassembly. The Visual Studio debugger can also create memory dumps as well as load them later for debugging.
The debugger can be configured to be launched when an application running outside the Visual Studio environment crashes. The debugger allows setting breakpoints which allow execution to be stopped temporarily at a certain position and watches which monitor the values of variables as the execution progresses.
Code can be stepped over , i. When debugging, if the mouse pointer hovers over any variable, its current value is displayed in a tooltip "data tooltips" , where it can also be modified if desired.
During coding, the Visual Studio debugger lets certain functions be invoked manually from the Immediate tool window. The parameters to the method are supplied at the Immediate window. These tools include: Layout can be controlled by housing the controls inside other containers or locking them to the side of the form.
Controls that display data like textbox, list box and grid view can be bound to data sources like databases or queries. Data-bound controls can be created by dragging items from the Data Sources window onto a design surface.
The designer generates either C or VB. NET code for the application. Like the Windows Forms designer it supports the drag and drop metaphor. It is used to author user interfaces targeting Windows Presentation Foundation. It supports all WPF functionality including data binding and automatic layout management. The XAML code is linked with code using a code-behind model.
It is used for developing ASP. It uses a code-behind model to link with ASP. NET code. From Visual Studio onwards, the layout engine used by the web designer is shared with Microsoft Expression Web. There is also ASP. NET code outlines for the classes and methods. It can also generate class diagrams from hand-written classes. Data designer The data designer can be used to graphically edit database schemas , including typed tables, primary and foreign keys and constraints.
It can also be used to design queries from the graphical view. NET Entity Framework , replaces and improves the old technology. Other tools Edit Open Tabs Browser The open tabs browser is used to list all open tabs and to switch between them.
It lists all available properties both read-only and those which can be set for all objects including classes , forms, web pages and other items. It can be used to browse the namespaces which are arranged hierarchically in managed assemblies. The hierarchy may or may not reflect the organization in the file system. Solution Explorer In Visual Studio parlance, a solution is a set of code files and other resources that are used to build an application. The files in a solution are arranged hierarchically, which might or might not reflect the organization in the file system.
The Solution Explorer is used to manage and browse the files in a solution. In addition to version control integration it provides the ability to view and manage individual work items including user stories, bugs, tasks and other documents.
It is included as part of a Visual Studio installation and is also available as a standalone download. It allows creation and alteration of database tables either by issuing T-SQL commands or by using the Data designer.
Debugging and IntelliSense support is available as well. Server Explorer The Server Explorer tool is used to manage database connections on an accessible computer. It is also used to browse running Windows Services , performance counters, Windows Event Log and message queues and use them as a datasource. Dotfuscator works with all flavors of. NET websites. Previously for Visual Studio.
A separate runtime is required when deploying VSTO solutions. See also: These extensions "plug into" Visual Studio and extend its functionality. Extensions come in the form of macros, add-ins , and packages. Macros represent repeatable tasks and actions that developers can record programmatically for saving, replaying, and distributing.
Macros, however, cannot implement new commands or create tool windows. They are written using Visual Basic and are not compiled. Add-Ins can be used to implement new functionality and can add new tool windows. They can create designers and other tools, as well as integrate other programming languages.
However, the managed API isn't as comprehensive as the unmanaged one. Express Editions do not support hosting extensions. On top of that, other packages can be added to customize the installation. The Isolated mode of the shell creates a new AppId where the packages are installed. These are to be started with a different executable. It is aimed for development of custom development environments, either for a specific language or a specific scenario. It serves as the central location for posting information about extensions to Visual Studio.
Community developers as well as commercial developers can upload information about their extensions to Visual Studio. NET through Visual Studio Users of the site can rate and review the extensions to help assess the quality of extensions being posted.
An extension is stored in a VSIX file. One of the main advantages of these extensions is that they do not require Administrator rights to be installed.
RSS feeds to notify users on updates to the site and tagging features are also planned. It also supports the use of intrinsic functions,  which are functions recognized by the compiler itself and not implemented as a library. While the language services are a part of Visual Studio, the compiler is available separately as a part of the. NET Framework. The Visual C , and compilers support versions 3.
NET language and associated tools and language services. It was introduced with Visual Studio. NET Like C , the VB.